Morse Code to Binary Code: Electronic Communications

There once was the two tin cans tied together to communicate, but that was not very practical and the throughput of signal was virtually nonexistent. Enter Morse Code, where electricity was harnessed in the line to transfer dots and dashes for a code that would transform the world into a place where electronic messages could be sent with the speed of electrons flowing through a wire pipeline. Ships at sea also used Morse code to communicate, such as when the Titanic hit the iceberg that would fatally sink the mighty ship on its maiden voyage. This signal was telegraphed through the ether or the air in the form of radio waves, which were also a new and exciting use of electro-magnetism that founded radio signals and radio communications. Between wires and waves through the wireless Ethernet, data and messages in binary code could be sent.

The facsimile with bits of electronic binary code began to traverse wire telephone and telegraph networks that developed over time. The wired and wireless networks began to spring up with services to customers in business, transportation, government, the military and eventually customers who would use telephones and operators to talk to one another. War time involved a communications detail that carried the telegraph box that would be pumped as a portable generator to send out Morse code messages. These were vital means of communicating to troops and leadership that were involved in fighting World War I and World War II. Similar innovations were developed for air to ground communications to pilots.

It is debatable as to whether or not the telephone was invented in the United States. Alexander Graham Bell was the first to patent the telephone, however, credit is also given to Innocenzo Manetti who invented the ‘speaking telegraph.’ It is said that Alexander Graham Bell perfected this innovation after seeing a demonstration of the speaking telegraph on a trip to England. The Europeans would really love to be given the credit for this keen innovation, however, the Americans were the first to create the system that eventually became the Bell system and AT & T, the American Telephone & Telegraph company, that provided the essential service for the telephone to become a household service that revolutionized how everyday communications would take place. The telephone made life closer and the world much smaller in comparison to what it was like just a few years before the telephone system began to spread across the fruited plains of the United States.

It is important to realize that there was a wireless ‘Internet,’ before the one that “Al Gore” invented in the 1990s. From the 1850s through to 1914 the MarconiGram was developing. Wireless radio telegraphs were used in what is often referred to as ‘The Victorian Internet.’ This was especially the case during the time of the Titanic where ship to ship and ship to shore telegraphic messages were sold to passengers who wished to communicate with associates, loved ones and the world. The MarconiGram was installed on the Titanic for commercial use more than for emergencies. Once the ship was set to sink, messages were sent by the ship’s captain on the MarconiGram wireless to ships in the area to summon them to save the lives of the passengers who did not have sufficient time or life boats to avoid their disastrous rendezvous with death.

As time went on, computers became small enough for individuals to use while the military and universities were communicating on the Internet. Cell phones were first used by a truck driver in St. Louis, Missouri in 1946. By 1948 there was cell phone service over highway corridors in 100 cities. Truck fleets were the clients using this service in the early days. Today, the marriage of computers, the cell phone, and the MarconiGram brought us the to the era of hand held cell phones. Many iterations later, innovation from Apple gave the iPhone to the world. Soon after that followed countless imitations.